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智商与基因 1

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TOPIC:政府&社会;就业&教育;

场景:

聪明&成功:先天&后天;家庭&学校;环境&天分;

教育:因材施教;家庭教育&学校教育;

科学&大众:科学实验会让生活变得更美好吗|-··?

【口语 + 写作】

【阅读】自然科学;实验描述

In a significant advance in the study of mental ability, a team of European and Americanscientists announced Monday that they had identified 52 genes linked to intelligence in nearly 80,000 people.

周一··|,欧洲和美国的一个科学家团队宣布··|,他们在智力研究方面取得了重大进展··|,在近8万人中确定52个与智力相关的基因··|--。

【经典句式】

significant重大的

advance进展

mental ability智力

announce宣布

identify确定

gene基因

intelligence智力

 

These genes do not determine intelligence, however. Their combined influence is minuscule,the researchers said, suggesting that thousands more are likely to be involved and still await discovery. Just as important, intelligenceis profoundly shaped by the environment.

不过··|,这些基因并不能决定智力··|--。研究人员称··|,它们的综合影响微不足道··|,很可能还有数千个基因也参与其中··|,等待被发现··|--。同样重要的是··|,智力深受环境影响··|--。

【经典句式】

gene基因

determine决定

intelligence智力

combine结合

minuscule微不足道的

suggest显示

likely可能的

involve涉及

await等待

profoundly深刻地

shape塑造

【犀利观点】环境影响智商:

Genes do not determine intelligence. Their combined influence is minuscule.

Intelligence is profoundly shaped by the environment.

 

Still, the findings could make it possible to begin new experiments into the biological basis of reasoning and problem-solving,experts said. They could even help researchers determine which interventions would be most effective for children struggling to learn.

不过专家表示··|,这些发现可以让他们开始对推理解决问题生物基础进行新的实验··|--。它们甚至可以帮助研究者确定哪些干预方式会对学习困难的儿童最有效··|--。

【经典句式】

finding发现

experiment实验

biological  basis生物基础

reasoning推理

problem-solving解决问题

expert专家

determine决定

intervention干预

struggle to do sth……很困难

【犀利观点】科学推动社会发展:全段

 

For over a century, psychologists have studied intelligence by asking people questions. Their exams have evolved into batteries of tests,each probing adifferent mental ability,such as verbal reasoning or memorization.

一个多世纪以来··|,心理学家通过问人们问题来研究智力··|--。他们的测试发展为一系列测验··|,每项测验针对不同的智力··|,比如口头推理能力或记忆力··|--。

【经典句式】

psychologist心理学家

intelligence智力

evolve into发展为

batteries of一系列的

probe探查

mental ability智力

verbal口头的

reasoning推理

memorization记忆力

 

In a typical test, the tasks might include imagining an object rotating, pickingout a shape to complete a figure,and then pressing a button as fast as possible whenever a particular type of word appears.

一项典型的测试可能包括的任务是想像一个物体旋转选出一个图形··|,补全一个图像;每当特定类型的单词出现时··|,尽可能快地下一个按钮··|--。

【经典句式】

typical典型的

task任务

object物体

rotate旋转

pick out选出

shape形状

figure图像;人物;数字

press a button按按钮

appear出现

 

Each test-taker may get varying scoresfor different abilities. But overall,these scores tend to hang together — people who score low on one measure tend to score lowon the others, and viceversa. Psychologists sometimes refer to this similarity as general intelligence.

每位受试者不同的能力测试中可能获得不同的分数··|--。但总体来讲··|,这些分数趋于一致——在某项测试中得分较低的人··|,往往在其他测试中的得分也比较低··|,反之亦然··|--。心理学家有时这种类似性称为一般智力··|--。

【经典句式】

test-taker受试者

varying不同的

score分数

overall总体的

tend to趋于

hang together一致;结合在一起

score low得分较低

measure衡量

vice versa反之亦然

refer to … as …将…称为…

intelligence智力

 

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